Pear "Memory of Yakovlev" remains popular among gardeners for many years. The tree is unpretentious, suitable for growing in different regions of Russia, gives stable crops. However, the variety has its own characteristics, which you need to know about before planting.
The history of selection of pears "Memory of Yakovlev" and zoning varieties
Pear variety "Memory of Yakovlev" was bred in the 50s at the Institute for Fruit Growing named after Michurin. For many years, the Yakovlev dynasty, father and son, and researchers Nesterov Ya. S., Korshikova R.M. worked on breeding. They were faced with the task of developing a winter-hardy pear variety with good yield and fruit taste. As a result of many years of efforts, the variety "Memory of Yakovlev" appeared.
The new pear was the result of crossing varieties "Subject" and "Olivier de Serre." She combined the best maternal qualities: winter hardiness, disease resistance, annual plentiful harvests. In 1985, the variety was introduced into the State Register.
Tests on the pear were conducted in different regions of the country. Good results were achieved in the Central part, the Central Black Earth and Central Volga regions. With good care, the tree develops quickly and winters well, gives stable crops.
Important! Pear "Memory of Yakovlev" is not suitable for cultivation in the northern regions, where frosts drop to -40 ° C. In such conditions, the variety is often sick, poorly restored and bears fruit.
Today, the variety is grown not only in Russia but also abroad. It is often used to create new hardy pear varieties.
Detailed description of the variety and characteristics of the pear "Memory of Yakovlev"
The variety "Memory of Yakovlev" begins to bear fruit early, the tree is self-fertile, fruitful, compact, which earned the love of gardeners.
Seedlings quickly ripen and already in the fifth year after planting begin to bear fruit. By seven years, the tree is considered an adult, yield indicators reach 20 kg. In the future, yield increases every year and reaches 100 kg per season.
The tree is compact, its height rarely exceeds two meters. It grows quickly, shoot formation is good, the crown is of medium density. Skeletal branches are located at right angles to the trunk.
Fruits of late ripening, the first pears are removed in August. Harvest ripens gradually, is well kept fresh for about two months. Ripe fruits are suitable for preservation and processing for preserves, juices, jams.
Pears of medium size, regular shape with weak ribbing. The peel is in the stage of technical ripeness of a yellow-green hue, after which it acquires a honey color with a characteristic red blush.
The pear tastes moderately sweet, not tart, very aromatic. The pulp is oily, juicy, cream-colored.
Advantages and disadvantages of the pear "Memory of Yakovlev"
The undeniable advantage of the variety is its self-fertility. The tree does not require pollinators, gives good yields, despite the vagaries of the weather. These qualities are appreciated by the owners of small plots. One tree is enough to provide the whole family with delicious fruits.
The main advantage of the variety is its winter hardiness. The tree tolerates frosts painlessly to -35 ° C., Is well restored and rarely gets sick. The variety is resistant to scab, practically not affected by pests.
Among other characteristics, one can single out the high transportability of fruits, their ability to stay on branches for a long time.
According to gardeners, the variety "Memory of Yakovlev" has its drawbacks:
• low drought tolerance;
• fruits of different sizes;
• stony cells in the pulp.
During cultivation, it was noticed that the taste and presentation of the fruit are highly dependent on soil moisture. The tree does not tolerate drought well. In adult trees, there is regrowth, fruits of different sizes and shapes. This is due to the abundance of the crop.
Features of planting pears varieties "Memory of Yakovlev" and the choice of seedling
Varietal pear seedlings are best purchased in special nurseries, and not in markets. Before buying, pay attention to the state of the root system of the plant. The roots should be healthy, not dry, without visible damage. For planting, three-year-old seedlings are most often used, which take root well and quickly begin to bear fruit.
Important! By purchasing diseased seedlings, you risk infecting the soil on the site.
For planting a tree, choose a dry and bright place, well protected from drafts. Despite the pear's love for soil moisture, do not plant a tree where its roots will be wet. Keep an eye on the water table; it should not be high.
Important! Planting varieties "Memory of Yakovlev" is carried out only in the spring. The soil on the site should be fertile and loose.
A landing pit for a seedling is prepared in advance. It must be deep, as the root system of the tree develops rapidly. The optimum depth of the pit is from 1 m to 1.2 m. The width of the pit is at least 80 cm.
For planting, use soil from the site, which is enriched with mineral fertilizers and loosened. To the soil mixture add:
• 2-3 buckets of humus;
• a bucket of sand;
• 75 g of potassium sulfate;
• 200 g of superphosphate.
The bottom of the pit is well drained, covered with prepared soil and left for a week. After this, they begin to plant the pear.
Good to know! The root neck of the seedling should be 5-6 cm above the ground level.
Technology for pear care "Memory of Yakovlev" by season
It’s easy to take care of the “Memory of Yakovlev” pear, but it is necessary throughout the entire growing season. In order not to get confused, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the complex of seasonal work.
From the end of March, pruning of the pear is started to form the crown, badly wintered branches are cut, the rest are shortened. This not only inhibits tree growth, but also has a positive effect on productivity. The variety tolerates a haircut, does not get sick.
On a green cone, preventive treatments for diseases and pests are carried out. Use 1% Bordeaux fluid or insecticides.
In early spring, the pear needs nitrogen fertilizers in order to build up enough green mass. In the second half of May, urea, nitrate, is introduced.
Advice! To saturate the soil with nitrogen, it is useful to plant legumes and mustard in the area of the trunk circle. Siderates inhibit weed growth.
The main task in the summer is to maintain the desired level of soil moisture so that the fruits are well poured. Water the tree abundantly at least 1 time per week, spending 2-3 buckets per plant.
In the second half of summer, it is useful to make potassium top dressing and add organic matter.
The tree is gradually being prepared for wintering. Mulch the soil with organics to protect the roots from frost and cold. Before the onset of frost, water-loading irrigation is carried out, the lower part of the trunk is insulated with burlap. Thus protecting her from rodents.
Fight against diseases and pests of the variety
Pear variety "Memory of Yakovlev" has good resistance to scab, but is often affected by fungal diseases. To increase the immunity of the plant, do not forget to spray it with Bordeaux liquid and copper sulphate in early spring and autumn.
Be sure to remove all plant debris and do not forget about weeding weeds.